Good skincare starts with a good daily routine. Washing and moisturizing your face may seem like a simple task, but believe it or not there is more to it than just soap, water and lotion. The good news is that making sure your face is properly cleaned, toned, and moisturized before you put your makeup on or get into bed at night, can be easy if you know what you are doing.
REMOVING YOUR MAKEUP
Using face wipes or a good makeup remover and cotton pad each night to remove what is left of your makeup is step one. It is important that you start with step because most cleansers aren’t enough to take off concealer, foundation, waterproof mascara, and long-wearing lipstick completely, especially around the eyes and nose. Avoid using this as your only source of washing your face, because it skips the essential rinsing phase and leaves some of the day’s grime behind.
CLEANSING YOUR FACE
This is the most fundamental and basic step in your skincare routine. Your goal when cleansing is to get rid of the dirt, dead skin cells, last bit of makeup, pollutants, microorganisms, and excess oil. Washing your face should take place twice each day, once in the morning and once in the evening. In order to avoid contaminating your face with dirt and bacteria that is left on a used washcloth, it is best to ditch the washcloth altogether and wash your face using clean hands. If you must use a washcloth, use a clean one each time you wash.
Washing your Face:
- Place product (dime size) in to your palm and rub your hands together.
- Apply to dry face, starting in the middle around the nose area. Move your hands upwards to your forehead and back down around the orbital bones until you reach your cheeks and chin.
- Once your cleanser no longer has much “slip,” wet your hands with lukewarm water and continue your cleanse, starting at the chin, using your fingertips to make small, upward, circular motions.
- Repeat this on your entire face from bottom to top, massaging in the cleanser.
- Next, follow these same steps, moving bottom to top and always using upward motions.
- When you have thoroughly cleansed and rinsed, pat dry with a towel.
Regular exfoliation will help remove dry, dull skin cells and reduce clogged pores and blemishes. And, it can also help fade post-breakout scars. Basic physical exfoliation at home typically is accomplished by incorporating into your cleansing routine a scrub containing some type of physical particle to loosen skin build-up. The key is to choose a scrub that will gently remove dead cells and impurities without abrading the skin.
- Start with a dry face and use upward circular motions until there is no longer any “slip” to the product.
- Wet hands and continue upward circular motions before rinsing thoroughly and patting dry.
- Skin should never feel irritated or chapped. If this is the case, discontinue exfoliation until the irritation disappears.
INCORPORATING MASKS INTO YOUR CLEANSING ROUTINE
Masks sit on the skin longer than facewash and are able to break through and get deeper into the pores. Enhance your daily skincare routine with a deep cleansing mask, which works to absorb or lift away impurities, drawing away excess dead skin, oils, and pollutants that regular cleanser alone cannot reach. Look for masks infused with hydrators and moisturizing ingredients such as Shea Butter; olive, coconut, and avocado oils; and hyaluronic acid. If your skin is oily, use a mask every other day. If you have dry skin, once or twice per month should keep oil and dirt from building up.
TONING THE SKIN
Toners are formulated to balance the pH of your skin, and smooth, soften, and calm skin, while removing the last traces of makeup. Using toners with skin-repairing ingredients after cleansing hydrate and replenish the skin’s surface immediately after cleansing. They also reduce redness and dry patches. Use the toner once per day by dabbing toner onto a cotton ball and applying to your face and neck. After applying toner, do not dry your skin with a towel before applying moisturizer -- just let your skin breathe and air-dry.
HYDRATING YOUR SKIN
Moisturizer is your skin’s secret weapon. No matter what your skin type, hydrating your skin is essential for keeping your skin cells healthy and to help to discourage dead skin cell buildup. Ideally your moisturizer would give you just enough moisture without feeling oily or greasy, and will give you protection from the sun throughout the day. You only need a pea-size amount otherwise you risk overloading the skin, resulting in breakouts. Apply it over your face and neck, paying special attention to the area around your eyes and lips, which can get excessively dry.